While Sgt. Neil W. McCabe was prepared for the blazing temperatures and the dusty, dry conditions which are part of the arid desert climate in Iraq, deployment has brought him an unexpected challenge -- the struggle to receive the sacraments.
McCabe, a Pilot reporter on active duty with the Army military leave, has gone from suburban Massachusetts, where it is easy to receive the sacraments, to Iraq, where attending Sunday Mass and receiving other sacraments has been a challenge at times.
Though sometimes travel and other obligations keep service members from participating in the sacraments, many times the problem is that there are simply too few priests to go around.
“As a Catholic soldier in Iraq, it’s very painful when you arrive at the chapel to realize that there is no priest because the priest is somewhere else,” said McCabe, speaking to The Pilot while home on leave in late September.
For McCabe, it’s quite a change from life in the Boston area, with its large Catholic population.
“I’ve never in my life had to deal with a situation where there are no priests. It’s something you hear about in missionary countries,” he said.
“It’s something you would read about in a history book,” he said.
Chaplains are responsible for meeting the spiritual needs of military personnel, ministering to those within and out of their own respective denominations. Catholic chaplains perform the same ministries that any priest does in serving his congregation, including saying Mass, hearing confessions, administering the anointing of the sick, and counseling.
McCabe said sometimes senior officers may lead liturgies of the word when a priest is not available. Other times, Catholic service members have to settle for attending Mass whenever they can, even if it is not Sunday.
He recalled a time when he was at a base on the Iranian border. He and a group of Catholic military personnel attended a Mass on Tuesday, which they counted toward their previous Sunday’s obligation; then the following day they attended an “anticipatory Mass” for the following Sunday. The priest who offered the Masses was available only for those two days before flying on to another base.
At division headquarters, according to McCabe, a priest is more often available, so while he is there, McCabe said he could typically engage in what he called his “Sunday ritual,” running, attending Mass, and then taking a bus to a neighboring camp to enjoy a cinnamon bun.
“It was an important part of my Sunday routine.”
Vicar General Father Richard Erikson, a colonel and chaplain in the Air Force Reserve, concurred with McCabe’s experience of a scarcity of Catholic chaplains in the military.
“There’s an enormous shortage,” Father Erikson said.
“Right now, there are 20 Air Force bases without chaplains. There are ships in the Navy going out without chaplains. The army is depleted as well.”
Father Erikson spoke of the dedication of the existing chaplains who often go back on successive tours of duty.
“It would not be unusual to have an active duty Catholic chaplain who has been to Iraq five or six times.”
According to Father Erikson, the lack of Catholic chaplains in the armed services results from a shortage of vocations to the priesthood in the United States. Priests are needed at home, so bishops are less willing to send them abroad.
In 2007, the Archdiocese of Boston stipulated that 3-percent of its active priests would be eligible to serve as chaplains, second only to the Archdiocese of Newark, according to Father Robert Deehan, the archdiocese’s director of clergy personnel.