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Pope creates 13 new cardinals, including Washington archbishop


  • ...Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington wears a protective mask as he attends a consistory led by Pope Francis in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. Cardinal Gregory was among 13 new cardinals created by the pope. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis leads a consistory ceremony for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Cardinals wearing protective masks attend a consistory led by Pope Francis in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington wears a protective mask as he attends a consistory led by Pope Francis in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. Cardinal Gregory was among 13 new cardinals created by the pope. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis leads a consistory ceremony for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis arrives for a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Australian Cardinal George Pell attends a consistory for the creation of the 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis leads a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis leads a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Cardinals unable to come to Rome for the consistory because of the COVID-19 pandemic join their confreres by video link as Pope Francis creates 13 new cardinals during a ceremony in St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis leads a consistory ceremony for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis gives the red biretta to new Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a ring to new Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Cardinals wearing protective masks attend a consistory led by Pope Francis in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...New Cardinal Silvano M. Tomasi, a U.S. citizen and former papal diplomat, carries his scroll after being made a cardinal by Pope Francis during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Mario Grech, secretary-general of the Synod of Bishops, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...New cardinals arrive in procession at a consistory led by Pope Francis for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis arrives to lead a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis greets new Cardinal Mario Grech, secretary-general of the Synod of Bishops, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis and new cardinals meet retired Pope Benedict XVI at the retired pope's residence after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Retired Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Francis and new cardinals pray as they visit at the retired pope's residence after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis and new cardinals visit with retired Pope Benedict XVI at the retired pope's residence after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Retired Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Francis and new cardinals visit at the retired pope's residence after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington, wearing a mask, is in the back row. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis looks on as new cardinals meet retired Pope Benedict XVI at the retired pope's residence after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis kisses the hands of Pope Benedict XVI at the retired pope's residence during a visit with new cardinals after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis greets retired Pope Benedict XVI at the retired pope's residence during a visit with new cardinals after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis greets retired Pope Benedict XVI at the retired pope's residence during a visit with new cardinals after a consistory at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Silvano M. Tomasi, a U.S. citizen and retired Vatican diplomat, during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...New Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington wears a protective mask as he attends a consistory led by Pope Francis in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. Cardinal Gregory was among 13 new cardinals created by the pope. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel of San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Mexico, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a red biretta to new Cardinal Enrico Feroci during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a ring to new Cardinal Silvano M. Tomasi during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a ring to new Cardinal Mauro Gambetti during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis present a ring to new Cardinal Paolo Lojudice of Siena, Italy, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a ring to new Cardinal Celestino Aos Braco of Santiago, Chile, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places a red biretta on new Cardinal Antoine Kambanda of Kigali, Rwanda, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Marcello Semeraro, prefect of the Congregation for Saints' Causes, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis arrives to celebrate a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...A cardinal holds his biretta as Pope Francis celebrates Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...Cardinal George Pell attends a Mass celebrated by Pope Francis with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...New Cardinals Paolo Lojudice of Siena, Italy, and Mauro Gambetti, custos of the Sacred Convent of Assisi in Assisi, attend Pope Francis' celebration of a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...New Cardinals Mauro Gambetti, custos of the Sacred Convent of Assisi in Assisi, and Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel of San Cristobal de las Casas, Mexico, attend Pope Francis' celebration of a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...Pope Francis uses incense as he celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...New Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington attends Pope Francis' celebration of a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...Pope Francis uses incense as he celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...New Cardinal Paolo Lojudice of Siena, Italy, and other new cardinals attend Mass with Pope Francis in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...Pope Francis celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...Pope Francis gives the homily as he celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...New cardinals attend Mass with Pope Francis in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...Pope Francis finishes presenting a ring and scroll to new Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Stefano Spaziani, pool)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a ring to new Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Stefano Spaziani, pool)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a red biretta to new Cardinal Enrico Feroci during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a scroll to new Cardinal Raniero Cantalamessa during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Red birettas and rings are pictured at a consistory led by Pope Francis for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a ring to new Cardinal Mario Grech, secretary-general of the Synod of Bishops, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel of San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Mexico, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Raniero Cantalamessa during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis present a ring to new Cardinal Paolo Lojudice of Siena, Italy, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places a red biretta on new Cardinal Antoine Kambanda of Kigali, Rwanda, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a scroll to new Cardinal Antoine Kambanda of Kigali, Rwanda, during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis presents a ring to new Cardinal Silvano M. Tomasi during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Mauro Gambetti during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Nuevos cardenales llegan en procesión a un consistorio dirigido por el papa Francisco para la creación de 13 nuevos cardenales en la Basílica de San Pedro en el Vaticano el 28 de noviembre de 2020. (Foto de CNS/ Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Paolo Galosi, pool)
  • ...New Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington attends a Mass celebrated by Pope Francis with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...Cardinals unable to come to Rome for the consistory because of the COVID-19 pandemic join their confreres by video link as Pope Francis creates 13 new cardinals during a ceremony in St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...New Cardinal Mario Grech of Malta attends a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Red birettas are pictured during Pope Francis' Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis celebrates a Mass with new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 29, 2020. (CNS photo/Gregorio Borgia, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Raniero Cantalamessa, preacher of the papal household, during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...New Cardinal Jose F. Advincula of Capiz, Philippines, is seen on a screen in St. Peter's Basilica during a consistory led by Pope Francis at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. Cardinal Advincula watched online from the Philippines as Pope Francis made him a cardinal. He was unable to attend because of COVID-19 travel restrictions. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...New Cardinal Celestino Aos Braco of Santiago, Chile, holds his scroll after receiving his biretta from Pope Francis during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Italian Cardinal Marcello Semeraro during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Mario Grech of Malta, secretary-general of the Synod of Bishops, during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)
  • ...The Basilica of St. Nicholas in Prison is pictured in Rome Nov. 28, 2020. The basilica is the "titular" church of new Cardinal Silvano Tomasi, a retired papal diplomat. Each of the new cardinals created by Pope Francis was assigned a Rome church, formally making them members of the Rome diocesan clergy. (CNS photo/Cindy Wooden)
  • ...The Basilica of St. Nicholas in Prison is pictured in Rome Nov. 28, 2020. The basilica is the "titular" church of new Cardinal Silvano Tomasi, a retired papal diplomat. Each of the new cardinals created by Pope Francis was assigned a Rome church, formally making them members of the Rome diocesan clergy. (CNS photo/Cindy Wooden)
  • ...The Basilica of St. Nicholas in Prison is pictured in Rome Nov. 28, 2020. The basilica is the "titular" church of new Cardinal Silvano Tomasi, a retired papal diplomat. Each of the new cardinals created by Pope Francis was assigned a Rome church, formally making them members of the Rome diocesan clergy. (CNS photo/Cindy Wooden)
  • ...Pope Francis places the red biretta on new Cardinal Marcello Semeraro, prefect of the Congregation for Saints' Causes, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...Pope Francis presents the red biretta to new Cardinal Celestino Aos Braco of Santiago, Chile, during a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
  • ...New Cardinal Mauro Gambetti of Italy carries his scroll after being made a cardinal by Pope Francis during a consistory in St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Nov. 28, 2020. (CNS photo/Fabio Frustaci, Reuters pool)

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VATICAN CITY (CNS) -- One by one 11 senior churchmen, including two U.S. citizens -- Cardinals Wilton D. Gregory of Washington and Silvano M. Tomasi, a former Vatican diplomat -- knelt before Pope Francis to receive their red hats, a cardinal's ring and a scroll formally declaring their new status and assigning them a "titular" church in Rome.

But with the consistory Nov. 28 occurring during the COVID-19 pandemic, Pope Francis actually created 13 new cardinals.

Cardinals Jose F. Advincula of Capiz, Philippines, and Cornelius Sim, apostolic vicar of Brunei, did not attend the consistory because of COVID-19 travel restrictions; however, they are officially cardinals and will receive their birettas and rings at a later date, the Vatican said.

In his homily at the prayer service, Pope Francis told the new cardinals that "the scarlet of a cardinal's robes, which is the color of blood, can, for a worldly spirit, become the color of a secular 'eminence,'" the traditional title of respect for a cardinal.

If that happens, he said, "you will no longer be a pastor close to your people. You will think of yourself only as 'His Eminence.' If you feel that, you are off the path."

For the cardinals, the pope said, the red must symbolize a wholehearted following of Jesus, who willingly gave his life on the cross to save humanity.

The Gospel reading at the service, Mark 10:32-45, included the account of James and John asking Jesus for special honors. "Grant that in your glory we may sit one at your right and the other at your left," they said. But Jesus reproaches them.

"We, too, pope and cardinals, must always see ourselves reflected in this word of truth," Pope Francis said. "It is a sharpened sword; it cuts, it proves painful, but it also heals, liberates and converts us."

According to canon law, cardinals are created when their names are made public "in the presence of the College of Cardinals." While many Rome-based cardinals attended the consistory, more members of the college were "present" online.

The pandemic also meant the gathering was unusually small; each cardinal was accompanied by a priest-secretary and could invite a handful of guests, so there were only about 100 people in the congregation at the Altar of the Chair in St. Peter's Basilica.

Also missing were the "courtesy visits," a reception lasting several hours in the early evening when the general public was invited into the Vatican to greet the new cardinals.

In addition to some Rome-based cardinals, the congregation at the consistory included the pastors or rectors of the 13 Rome churches to which the new cardinals were associated. Cardinals are given a "titular" church in Rome, formally making them members of the Rome diocesan clergy, which is what the church's first cardinals were.

In fact, the formula for the creation of cardinals, recited in Latin by Pope Francis, says, "It chiefly concerns the church of Rome, but it also affects the entire ecclesial community: We will call certain of our brethren to enter the College of Cardinals, so that they may be united to the Chair of Peter by a closer bond to our apostolic ministry."

Cardinal Gregory's titular church is Immaculate Conception parish on the ancient Via Flaminia in the Grottarossa neighborhood of northern Rome. The church was built in 1935 and became a titular church for cardinals in 1985.

Cardinal Tomasi's titular church is the Basilica of St. Nicholas in Prison, a 12th-century church with a 16th-century facade built on the site of an earlier church that was constructed over the ruins of an ancient temple.

Mexican Cardinal Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel, retired bishop of San Cristobal de Las Casas, Mexico, told Vatican News Nov. 27 that the new cardinals are called to reconfirm their commitment to making Christ the center of their lives and "to collaborate with the pope in his ministry as bishop of Rome, and so we are assigned a parish in this city, as a sign of communion between that community and the one who presides over this local church, which is the pope."

Maltese Cardinal Mario Grech, secretary-general of the Synod of Bishops, was the first mentioned by the pope Oct. 25 when he announced he was creating new cardinals. As such, it fell to Cardinal Grech to address the pope on behalf of the new cardinals.

"Convoked in consistory at such a serious time for all humanity because of the pandemic, we want to turn our thoughts to all our brothers and sisters enduring hardship," the cardinal said. He prayed that people would react to the pandemic as an "opportunity to rethink our lifestyles, our relationships, the organization of our societies and, especially, the meaning of our lives."

Cardinal Grech also led the others in the recitation of the Creed and of an oath of fidelity and obedience to Christ and his church and to Pope Francis and his successors.

The new cardinals came from eight countries: Italy, Malta, the United States, Brunei, the Philippines, Mexico, Rwanda and Chile.

Cardinal Gregory, like the other new cardinals coming from outside Europe, was tested for COVID-19 before flying to Rome and again upon arrival. Even after testing negative, he and the others were required to quarantine for 10 days and were tested again immediately before the consistory. Cardinal Gregory stayed at the Domus Sanctae Marthae, where Pope Francis lives, and his meals were left outside his door.

In an interview with Catholic News Service, the cardinal said he hopes Pope Francis will find him to be "supportive, encouraging and trustworthy" in his role as a cardinal, but his primary ministry is still to be the archbishop of Washington.

Of course, he said, he regrets that "my two sisters are not here, and the many people I know and love from Chicago and Belleville (Illinois) and Atlanta and Washington," who were watching the livestream instead.

One of Cardinal Tomasi's guests was the pastor of his boyhood parish, San Rocco in Casoni di Mussolente, a town of fewer than 8,000 people in northern Italy. In the past 80 years, the cardinal told CNS, the parish has produced more than 100 priests and religious sisters, "and now also a cardinal. I hope it will help to continue the flourishing of vocations from the parish."

With the consistory the College of Cardinals now has 229 members, 128 of whom are under the age of 80 and eligible to enter a conclave to elect a new pope. Pope Francis has given the red hat to 57% of electors.

With Cardinals Gregory and Tomasi, who was born in Italy but is a U.S. citizen, the number of U.S. cardinals rose to 16; nine of them are cardinal electors.

Entering the college Nov. 28 were Cardinals:

-- Grech, 63.

-- Marcello Semeraro, an Italian who is prefect of the Congregation for Saints' Causes, 72.

-- Antoine Kambanda of Kigali, Rwanda, 62.

-- Gregory, 72.

-- Advincula, 68.

-- Celestino Aos Braco of Santiago, Chile, 75.

-- Sim, 69.

-- Paolo Lojudice of Siena, Italy, 56.

-- Mauro Gambetti, custos of the Sacred Convent of Assisi in Assisi, 55.

-- Arizmendi, 80.

-- Tomasi, 80.

-- Raniero Cantalamessa, preacher of the papal household, 86.

-- Enrico Feroci, 80, former director of Rome's Caritas.

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