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The collects of Easter: The Easter Vigil in the Holy Night


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O God, who make this most sacred night

radiant with the glory of the Lord's Resurrection,

stir up in your Church a spirit of adoption,

so that, renewed in body and mind,

we may render you undivided service.

The first collect of the Easter Season speaks of adoption. To the average Catholic, such a term does not immediately bring to mind the celebration of Easter Sunday. Other than Alleluia, there is probably no other word more appropriate to the Easter Vigil than another word beginning with A: adoption.

The Easter Vigil in the Holy Night, as it is called on the new Roman Missal, is the privileged time for the celebration of the sacrament of baptism, when the enlightened go down into the tomb with Christ, die with him, and are reborn to eternal life.

It is through baptism that we are joined to Christ's paschal dying and rising and become sons and daughter of God our Father. St. Paul talks about this in his letter to the Romans: "...those who are led by the Spirit of God are children of God. For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you received a spirit of adoption, through which we cry, 'Abba, Father!'" (Romans 8:14).

Abba is the word which Jesus used for his Father in heaven. It is the word he uses when he teaches us how to pray to our Abba in heaven and the word he uses when he sweats blood in the Garden of Gethsemane: "Abba, take this cup away from me...but not my will, but yours be done."

Through the Cross of Christ, we have become sisters and brothers of the Lord Jesus who, in his paschal rising, is "the firstborn of many brothers." And as brothers of the Lord, we have become adopted sons of the one Father.

St. Paul continues: "The Spirit itself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if only we suffer with him so that we may also be glorified with him." (Roman 8:15)

We are, therefore, sons and daughter of our heavenly Father and the brothers and sisters of Christ. This is our essential identity as the baptized. That's why St. Paul began so many of his letters by greeting the faithful as the "adelphoi," the brothers and sisters. That's why the a priest greets us so often as brothers and sisters. For in becoming brothers and sisters of the Lord, we have become the adopted children of our Heavenly Father.

So, this year, as we stand with the newly baptized at the Easter Vigil, let us be renewed in the knowledge of who we have become when first our bodies were washed in the bath of regeneration and we were joined to Christ our brother. Trusting in the infinite love of Our Father in heaven, let us then rededicate ourselves to an undivided service of him and to his Church.

Msgr. James P. Moroney, presently professor of liturgy at St. John's Seminary, Brighton becomes the 20th rector there on July 1, 2012. This is the first of a series of reflections on the collects of the Easter season.

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